Hewlett Packard has released their Enterprise Cyber Risk Report for 2016 as shared below. As key themes, it is noted that older vulnerabilities that are actively circulating are sometimes the most popular means of attack.
HP released their annual report for 2016 that covers a broad range of information (96 pages) in various sectors and industries. The report is divided in 7 themes, those that appear the most interesting to me are Theme #5: The industry didn’t learn anything about patching in 2015 and Theme #7: The monetization of malware.
Theme #5 — According to this report, the bug that was the most exploited in 2014 was still the most exploited last year which is now over five years old. CVE-2010-2568 where a “[…] local users or remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted (1) .LNK or (2) .PIF shortcut file , which is not properly handled during icon display in Windows Explorer, as demonstrated in the wild in July 2010 […]”  is still the top vulnerability for 2015 (29% in 2015 vs. 33% in 2014), see the pie chart on page 32 showing the Top 10 CVE for 2015, where the oldest CVE is from 2009. The Top 3 targeted applications and platform where: Windows, Android and Java which isn’t a huge surprise.
Theme #7 — This doesn’t sound really new and not that surprising, in 2015 malware needed to produce revenues. HP noted a significant increase in malware targeting ATM, banking Trojans and ransomware targeting every operating systems in particular smartphones. Some of the well-known ransomware families include Cryptolocker and Cryptowall where the malware author will request a ransom to decrypt password encrypted files but once paid often fail to provide the key. Obviously, the best protection is to regularly backup your files (and more importantly test the backup as well) in case you ever get caught by this.