Category Archives: Windows

AdminPak / RSAT in Windows Server 2012 and R2

Based on one of the previous post Where is AdminPak in Windows 2008 and R2 ?

RSAT (Remote Server Administration Tools) is the replacement toolkit as the AdminPak before Win2008. You may also look for the RSAT in Win Server 2012 and 2012 R2. Here are the download link,

1) Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8

2) Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1

You may have some questions here as I could found from the internet as well. Where is the RSAT for Win7? Is there any RSAT in WinServer 2012 and R2 for Win7?

The answer is, No. Feel bad on this answer? Here is a mapping for the better view on different RSAT for different Server version.

Server 2008 –> Vista RSAT / Win7 RSAT
Server 2008 R2 –> Win7 RSAT
Server 2012 –> Win8 RSAT / Win8.1 RSAT
Server 2012 R2 –> Win8.1 RSAT

Windows 8 Release Preview

Windows 8 Release Preview is released and free download and install publicly in last week. You can download it, install it and feel it. Now it is changed into Release Preview, that means the release date is close. You can also have a look on the difference edition and their features, There will be 3 editions, Windows 8, Windows 8 Pro and Windows 8 RT. 


 


Feature name

Windows 8

Windows 8 Pro

Windows RT

Upgrades from Windows 7 Starter, Home Basic, Home Premium

x

x

 

Upgrades from Windows 7 Professional, Ultimate

 

x

 

Start screen, Semantic Zoom, Live Tiles

x

x

x

Windows Store

x

x

x

Apps (Mail, Calendar, People, Messaging, Photos, SkyDrive, Reader, Music, Video)

x

x

x

Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, OneNote)

   

x

Internet Explorer 10

x

x

x

Device encryption

   

x

Connected standby

x

x

x

Microsoft account

x

x

x

Desktop

x

x

x

Installation of x86/64 and desktop software

x

x

 

Updated Windows Explorer

x

x

x

Windows Defender

x

x

x

SmartScreen

x

x

x

Windows Update

x

x

x

Enhanced Task Manager

x

x

x

Switch languages on the fly (Language Packs)

x

x

x

Better multiple monitor support

x

x

x

Storage Spaces

x

x

 

Windows Media Player

x

x

 

Exchange ActiveSync

x

x

x

File history

x

x

x

ISO / VHD mount

x

x

x

Mobile broadband features

x

x

x

Picture password

x

x

x

Play To

x

x

x

Remote Desktop (client)

x

x

x

Reset and refresh your PC

x

x

x

Snap

x

x

x

Touch and Thumb keyboard

x

x

x

Trusted boot

x

x

x

VPN client

x

x

x

BitLocker and BitLocker To Go

 

x

 

Boot from VHD

 

x

 

Client Hyper-V

 

x

 

Domain Join

 

x

 

Encrypting File System

 

x

 

Group Policy

 

x

 

Remote Desktop (host)

 

x

 

Installing Windows 8 Consumer Preview Release

Microsoft released the second version of Windows 8 to public on 29th Feb, 2012. This version is named Windows 8 Consumer Preview. I try to install it onto the Virtual PC and configure 2Gb ram, 20Gb Virtual Hard Disk and DVD mount to theWin8CP ISO file. Like this,



And then I run the Virtual PC and getting a “golden fish” screen and then a blue screen with message,


“Your computer ran into a problem and needs to restart.
If you’d like to know more, you can search online later for this code: HAL_INITIALIZATION_FAILED
It’s collecting error info and will restart in: 0 seconds”




 


I wait and wait, the virtual PC does not restart. I try to turn it off and run again. The same happen. Why??? After searching online and found the follwing info which is a blog titled Running Windows 8 Developer Preview in a Virtual Environment writen by Steven Sinofsky, Head of Windows. And I think that it applies to Windows 8 Consumer Preview.


Forum members are reporting success using a few products. Of the most popular options, our baseline assessment is as follows:

Functional:

  • Hyper-V in Windows 8 Developer Preview
  • Hyper-V in Windows Server 2008 R2
  • VMware Workstation 8.0 for Windows
  • VirtualBox 4.1.2 for Windows

Non-functional:

  • Microsoft Virtual PC (all versions)
  • Microsoft Virtual Server (all versions)
  • Windows 7 XP Mode
  • VMWare Workstation 7.x or older

 So then I try to install VirtualBox and configure the setting like this,



And then start running the VirtualBox VM. This time it shows the same first screen as what I have seen in running VirtualPC. And then the Windows 8 setup wizard comes up. It looks like the same as Windows 7 one. It ask you to select the Language, Time and currency format, Keyboard or input method.



 Once you selected the options that you would like the Windows 8 to be, then you click the Next button. The next screen again, same as Windows 7, a button with “install now” shown.



 After you press the “Install Now” button, the windows setup manager will display the mesage, “Setup is starting”. The next screen shown, again same as Windows 7, and asking you for the product key.



After entering the given product key, you can press Next button to continue the Windows 8 Setup. The next screen is asking you to read the license terms and you must accept it before you can press the Next button to continue the installation.



Then the next screen shows. It ask you which type of the installation do you want. I tried to click upgrade but it then ask you to restart the virtual VM and it will prompt up the very first screen of the installation again.



So we should click “Custom: Install Windows only (advanced)” option in this testing propose. I think that we could upgrade from Windows 7 after Windows 8 is RTM.



Then you can specify the disk partition that you want the Windows 8 Consumer Preview to be installed on, in my case, the only 20Gb disk in my Virtual VM.



After you selected the partition where you want the Windows 8 Consumer Preview to be installed to, you can press “Next” button. The setup wizard will the do the same as Windows 7, copying Windows files, Expanding Windows files, installing features, installing upgrades and Almost done installing Windows.



After that, the Virtual VM will reboot for the first time. You will see the “Windows golden fish” again. Then the Windows 8 installation wizard will continues and display messages to inform you that the latest situation of the setup process. So far, all of the screen I found out that they are pretty much the same as what I have seen in the installation of Windows 7.


The next screen I found, which is new to me, “Personalize” page is shown. It asked you to pick a color you like and the PC name.



After entering the PC name (someone mention that you cannot create the same name for a user same as the PC name. So don’t just key in your wanted username as the PC name), the “Settings” page of the installation wizard comes.



I selected the “express settings” as I wanna try to finish the installation in the simplest way and try and feel the Windows 8. For advanced users, you may try to click “Customize” to do more difference settings with difference value.



The next screen, is asking you for the Microsoft account. What is Microsoft account, I guess it is the same as the Windows Live account or hotmail or live mail account. This is a new feature which is introduces with Windows 8. Using Microsoft Live account is an alternative way of creating and using Windows users to log on to the Windows 8. Using Microsoft Live account, you can share information, i.e., IE favorites, your PC looks and feels features….etc. So if you have multiple PCs and tablets, you can share all these settings. This feature of Windows 8 is working like a roaming profile features for Windows users.


You can also create a new Microsoft Live account with email address at this point. Or you can also skip Windows Live account this feature, click the last option to just creating a Windows user account. In my testing, I key in the email address of my personal Windows Live Account.



The next step is “Enter your Microsoft account password”.



The next step is “Enter security verfication info”. In this page, you have to select your country code and also your mobile number. I key in my personal phone number in this step.



After all these, Windows 8 setup can say to be going into the very last step and these are all the data that I have to key into. Now Windows 8 is going to create the user account and preparing the windows to be running in the very first time.





 And the next screen is……READY!!! The new Microsoft Windows 8 Start screen displayed. Instead of traditional Windows Desktop, the new start up screen named Windows Start screen. The Windows Start screen is built using Metro style applications and designed for multi-touch usage. So if you have experiece on Zune, Windows Phone 7 or Windows Phone 7.5, you are already used to the screen usage, Now it is the same user interface in your PC.



You can click the Internet Explorer to open up the IE and browse the web page.



But wait, where is the desktop? what if I am a developer and I need to open Visual Studio? You can found and click the Desktop Metro to open the Desktop screen. (Well, will there be a Visual Studio Metro in the coming version? ).



You can press “Windows key” on your keyboard to go back to your Windows Start screen. You can also pass “Alt+Ctrl+Del” to the Virtual VM to display the same screen as pressing “Alt+Ctrl+Del” in Win7, you can switch user, lock, sign out and open Task Manager, you can also turn off the PC.



If you choose Sign Out, the welcome screen will comes. This is also the default screen in the next time you turn on your PC.



By pressing “Alt+Ctrl+Del” again, you will see your login screen again.


Where is AdminPak in Windows 2008 and R2 ?

If you have been administering your Windows 2003 environment from XP or Vista, you have probably installed Adminpak.msi. Well, with the launch of Windows 2008, adminpak has disappeared.

That is now known as RSAT. (Remote Server Administration Tools). (there is another blog from me about RSAT in Windows Server 2012)
RSAT contains the following tools:

Role Administration Tools:

•Active Directory Certificate Services Tools
•Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) Tools
•Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) Tools
•DHCP Server Tools
•DNS Server Tools
•File Services Tools
•Network Policy and Access Services Tools
•Terminal Services Tools
•Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration (UDDI) Services Tools

Feature Administration Tools:

•BitLocker Drive Encryption Tools
•Failover Clustering Tools
•Group Policy Management Tools
•Network Load Balancing Tools
•SMTP Server Tools
•Storage Manager for SANs Tools
•Windows System Resource Manager Tools

The following tools are fully supported for managing computers running Windows Server 2003:

•Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) Tools
•Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) Tools
•Active Directory Certification Authority Tools
•DHCP Server Tools
•DNS Server Tools
•Terminal Services Tools
•Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration (UDDI) Services Tools
•Group Policy Management Tools
•Network Load Balancing Tools

Installing Active Directory Domain Services Tools on a member server that is running Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 You can use the following procedure to add the Active Directory Domain Services Tools component of RSAT to a member server.

Membership in Administrators, or equivalent, is the minimum required to complete this procedure. Review details about default group memberships at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=150761.

To install Active Directory Domain Services Tools on a member server

1.Open Server Manager. To open Server Manager, on the Start menu, click Administrative Tools, and then click Server Manager. 2.In the console tree, right-click Features, and then click Add Features. 3.In Features, expand Remote Service Administration Tools and Role Administration Tools:


a.On a Windows Server 2008 member server, expand Active Directory Domain Services Tools, and then click Active Directory Domain Controllers Tools. b.On a Windows Server 2008 R2 member server, expand AD DS and AD LDS Tools, expand AD DS Tools, and then click AD DS Snap-Ins and Command-Line Tools.


4.Click Next, review the installation information, and then click Install. 5.If you are prompted to restart the computer, restart it before you continue with the next step. Click Yes to restart the server, or click No to restart the server later. 6.After the server restarts, on the Installation Results page of the Resume Configuration Wizard, click Close. The Active Directory Domain Services Administration Tools are available on the Administrative Tools menu.




Installing Active Directory Domain Services Tools on a computer that is running Windows Vista with SP1
Windows Vista with SP1 does not ship with the RSAT installation file. You must first download the appropriate RSAT installation file. For instructions and links to the download locations for the tools, see article 931314 in the Microsoft Knowledge Base (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=116179).

Installing Active Directory Domain Services Tools on a computer that is running Windows 7
Windows 7 does not ship with RSAT installation files. You must first download the RSAT installation file. For instructions and links to the download locations for the tools, see Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 7 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=167131).

The XPS Essentials Pack has been updated to support Windows XP Service Pack 3

 

The XPS Essentials Pack installer (available via www.microsoft.com/xps) does not currently support Service Pack 3 (SP3) of Windows XP. 

To enable XPS support on Windows XP SP3, you can install the XPS Essentials Pack prior to upgrading to SP3.



In the end of Oct 2008, XPS team has released a new updated. This update fixes a problem with the installer where it failed to recognize a newer version of Windows Imaging Component (WIC) that is included in Windows XP SP3. Also included is an update to the latest version of the XPS Print Path, as well as including a number of improvements to the print path, this update corrects an issue with the components previous included in the essentials pack that prevented component servicing.


 


To download the installer see http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/xps/viewxps.mspx.


 


P.S. You cannot get this download from http://www.mircosoft.com/download.