In the previous blog posts we made sure we could have multiple versions of the same workflow running side by side. This ability is one of the more powerful concepts of WF and a real must have for long running business applications.
A quick recap.
Always version your assemblies by giving them a strong name. Make sure the runtime can find each version of the assembly by pointing the CLR to the right version using the configuration\runtimeassemblyBinding\dependentAssembly\assemblyIdentity\codeBase in your App.Config (or Web.Config in the case of a web application). And make sure you use all types and interfaces from the same version as the workflow or, somewhat easier, stick to using basic CLR types when sending messages.
Great, but what about fixing bugs?
All the versioning is very nice but the simple fact is that sooner or later you are going to find a bug in your code and need to fix a specific assembly. In that case it would not be very nice if the workflow would keep on running with the buggy code. No in that case you would very much like to be able to dehydrate the worfklows and have them use the patched version of the assembly instead of the original one.
Fortunately this is easy to do, and again due to the standard binary serialization format Windows Workflow Foundation uses, completely standard .NET.
Again the trick is versioning the assembly and using the App.Config to redirect the runtime to the correct version. So just as I demonstrated in the previous posts I need to strongly sign the assembly. Next when we want to fix a bug in the assembly we need to update the version number and redirect the CLR to the new version. The last part is done using the following config file:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<assemblyIdentity name="WorkflowLibrary1" publicKeyToken="8afb6d596a769080" />
<bindingRedirect oldVersion="220.127.116.11" newVersion="18.104.22.168"/>
To demonstrate the effect the workflow below is started with a parameter that indicates the assembly version it was when started and prints this, long with the current assembly version, on the screen. as you can see the first workflow was started with version 22.214.171.124 but the assembly actually executing is updated to 126.96.36.199. In contrast the second workflow was created using the assembly 188.8.131.52.
So why bother to update the version number in the first place?
After all you could just leave the version number as is and replace the assembly. The main disadvantage is that it makes it harder to see which version was executing when a new bug report comes in. Was this the patched assembly and is the bug still there under specific circumstances? On other words: was the bug fix buggy[:(]. Or is the system still using the original assembly, and was the update not done correctly? Best just to avoid these kind of problems and make sure you can see which version either by looking at the assembly file properties or by having an error handler print all loaded assemblies, including version number.