We where just bitten by this one and the problem was not immediately obvious.
You will see some error like
The name ‘model’ does not exist in the current context
‘System.Web.WebPages.Html.HtmlHelper’ does not contain a definition for ‘ActionLink’ and no extension method ‘ActionLink’ accepting a first argument of type ‘System.Web.WebPages.Html.HtmlHelper’ could be found (are you missing a using directive or an assembly reference?)
Additionally when you check the IntelliSense of @Html you will not see some of the extension methods like Action() or ActionLink()
Fixing it is not hard one you know the problem.
Include the webpages:Version key with a value of 188.8.131.52 in the appSettings section of your web.config, fix the references for System.Web.WebPages and System.Web.Helpers and restart Visual Studio 2010 to fix the problem.
2: <add key="webpages:Version" value="184.108.40.206" />
3: <add key="ClientValidationEnabled" value="true" />
See the Known Issues and Breaking Changes in the ASP.NET MVC 4 Release notes. And this only applies to projects created using ASP.NET MVC 3 RTM. The projects created by the ASP.NET MVC 3 Tools Update release are fine.