After you link your Android phone to your Windows 10 PC, you can use the Your Phone app on your PC to see photos from your Android phone.
Your Phone is an app that runs on your PC. It is preinstalled in Windows 10 October 2018 Update (Version 1809) and it’s available to download in Windows 10 April 2018 Update (Version 1803).
The Your Phone app only gets photos that are in the Camera Roll or Screenshots folders on your Android phone. If you moved or saved your photos to a different folder on your Android phone, they will not appear in the Your Phone app.
The Your Phone app gets your recent photos from your Android phone over Wi-Fi, but it does not store your photos online.
To minimize network bandwidth and maximize performance, the Your Phone app only shows your 25 most recent photos and screenshots from your Android phone.
As you take more photos on your Android phone, temporary copies of the older photos are removed from your PC. So if you think you’ll need an older photo later, be sure to copy it from the Your Phone app before it gets replaced by any new photos.
The Your Phone app gets a copy of your recent photos from your Android phone and stores the copy as a temporary file on your PC. If you delete the temporary file on your PC, it does not affect the original photo on your phone. If you use the Your Phone app to edit the copy of the photo on your PC, it does not affect the original photo on your phone.
See also: Your Phone app help | Microsoft Support
This tutorial will show you how to see, copy, share, and edit photos from your Android phone in the Your Phone app on your Windows 10 PC.