An¬†owner¬†is assigned to an object when that object is created. By default, the owner is the creator of the object. No matter what permissions are set on an object, the owner of the object can always change the¬†permissions.
The owner of an object (ex: file, folder, drive, or registry key) has the right to allow or deny access to that resource. Although members of the Administrators group and other authorized users also have the right to allow or deny access, the owner has the authority to lock out non-administrator users, and then the only way to regain access to the resource is for an administrator or a member of the Restore Operators group to¬†take ownership¬†of it. This makes the file or folder owner important with respect to what¬†permissions¬†are allowed or denied for a given resource.
Ownership can be¬†taken¬†or transferred in several ways. The current owner of an object can transfer ownership to another user or group. A member of the Administrators¬†group¬†can take ownership of an object or transfer ownership to another user or group‚ÄĒeven if administrators are locked out of the resource according to the¬†permissions. Any user with the “Take Ownership”¬†permission¬†on the object can take ownership, as can any member of the “Backup Operators”¬†group¬†(or anyone else with the “Restore Files And Directories”¬†user right, for that matter).
This tutorial will show you how to add¬†Change Owner¬†to the context menu of all files, folders, and drives for all users in Windows 10 and Windows 11.
The¬†Change Owner¬†context menu will allow you to quickly and easily see which¬†user or group¬†is the¬†current owner¬†of a file, folder, or drive.
The¬†Change Owner¬†context menu includes¬†Take Ownership¬†to change the owner of the file, folder, or drive would to the current user account.¬†Permissions¬†will be set to allow this current owner (Owner_Rights SID) full control of the file, folder, or drive.
The¬†Change Owner¬†context menu will also allow you to instantly¬†change the owner¬†of a file, folder (including contents), or drive to¬†Administrators,¬†Everyone,¬†SYSTEM, or¬†TrustedInstaller¬†on demand without changing¬†permissions.
When you right click or press and hold on a file, folder, or drive, click/tap on¬†Change Owner, and click/tap on either¬†Take Ownership¬†or¬†Change Owner to…¬†items, you will be prompted by¬†UAC¬†to approve.
The¬†Change Owner¬†context menu will not be available when you right click or press and hold only on the specific¬†C:¬†drive,¬†C:\Program Files¬†folder,¬†C:\Program Files (x86) folder,¬†C:\ProgramData¬†folder,¬†C:\Users¬†folder, and¬†C:\Windows¬†folder. This was done by design since changing the owner of the Windows “C:” drive and these specific system folders can make Windows unstable as it would also change the owner of the folder’s content at the same time. You will still be able to use the¬†Change Owner¬†context menu on files and folders inside these locations, and on all drives other than the C drive and FAT32 drives.