Windows 10 – Windows Blog by Brink

Windows 10

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Add Disk Cleanup to Context Menu of Drives in Windows 11

You can use Disk Cleanup on a regular basis to reduce the number of unnecessary files on your drives, which can free up drive space and help your PC run better. It can delete temporary files and system files, empty the Recycle Bin, and remove a variety of other items that you might no longer need.

You can add Cleanup to the context menu of drives that will open Disk Cleanup to reduce the number of unnecessary files on the selected disk to free up disk space.

This tutorial will show you how to add Cleanup to the context menu of drives for all users in Windows 10 and Windows 11.

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Add Change Owner to Context Menu in Windows 11

An owner is assigned to an object when that object is created. By default, the owner is the creator of the object. No matter what permissions are set on an object, the owner of the object can always change the permissions.

The owner of an object (ex: file, folder, drive, or registry key) has the right to allow or deny access to that resource. Although members of the Administrators group and other authorized users also have the right to allow or deny access, the owner has the authority to lock out non-administrator users, and then the only way to regain access to the resource is for an administrator or a member of the Restore Operators group to take ownership of it. This makes the file or folder owner important with respect to what permissions are allowed or denied for a given resource.

Ownership can be¬†taken¬†or transferred in several ways. The current owner of an object can transfer ownership to another user or group. A member of the Administrators¬†group¬†can take ownership of an object or transfer ownership to another user or group‚ÄĒeven if administrators are locked out of the resource according to the¬†permissions. Any user with the “Take Ownership”¬†permission¬†on the object can take ownership, as can any member of the “Backup Operators”¬†group¬†(or anyone else with the “Restore Files And Directories”¬†user right, for that matter).

This tutorial will show you how to add Change Owner to the context menu of all files, folders, and drives for all users in Windows 10 and Windows 11.

The Change Owner context menu will allow you to quickly and easily see which user or group is the current owner of a file, folder, or drive.

The Change Owner context menu includes Take Ownership to change the owner of the file, folder, or drive would to the current user account. Permissions will be set to allow this current owner (Owner_Rights SID) full control of the file, folder, or drive.

The Change Owner context menu will also allow you to instantly change the owner of a file, folder (including contents), or drive to Administrators, Everyone, SYSTEM, or TrustedInstaller on demand without changing permissions.

When you right click or press and hold on a file, folder, or drive, click/tap on¬†Change Owner, and click/tap on either¬†Take Ownership¬†or¬†Change Owner to…¬†items, you will be prompted by¬†UAC¬†to approve.

The¬†Change Owner¬†context menu will not be available when you right click or press and hold only on the specific¬†C:¬†drive,¬†C:\Program Files¬†folder,¬†C:\Program Files (x86) folder,¬†C:\ProgramData¬†folder,¬†C:\Users¬†folder, and¬†C:\Windows¬†folder. This was done by design since changing the owner of the Windows “C:” drive and these specific system folders can make Windows unstable as it would also change the owner of the folder’s content at the same time. You will still be able to use the¬†Change Owner¬†context menu on files and folders inside these locations, and on all drives other than the C drive and FAT32 drives.

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Enable or Disable Delay of Running Startup Apps in Windows 11

Startup apps are the apps that start automatically when you sign in to Windows 11.

You can have any app, shortcut, folder, drive, file, script, etc.. items automatically open or run at startup.

By default, Windows will run the items in your Startup folder (shell:startup) after about a 10 second delay at Windows startup when you sign in to your account. This was done to help improve the performance of Windows startup. If you have a fast computer, then you may wish to disable this startup delay to have your startup items run as soon as you sign-in instead of delayed.

This tutorial will show you how to enable or disable the delay of running startup apps at Windows startup for your account in Windows 10 and Windows 11.

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Enable or Disable Numerical Sorting in File Explorer in Windows 11

File Explorer sorts file names in numerical order and not literally by default in Windows 10 and Windows 11.

When numerical sorting is enabled, File Explorer will sort file names by increasing number value (for example, 3 < 22 < 111).

When numerical sorting is disabled, File Explorer will sort file names by each digit in a file name (for example, 111 < 22 < 3).

This tutorial will show you how to enable or disable numerical sorting in File Explorer for all users in Windows 10 and Windows 11.

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Add or Remove Exclusions for Microsoft Defender Antivirus in Windows 11

Windows Security is built-in to Windows 11 and includes an antivirus program called Microsoft Defender Antivirus. Your device will be actively protected from the moment you start Windows 11. Windows Security continually scans for malware (malicious software), viruses, and security threats. In addition to this real-time protection, updates are downloaded automatically to help keep your device safe and protect it from threats.

If you trust a file, file type, folder, or a process that Windows Security has detected as malicious, you can stop Windows Security from alerting you or blocking the program by adding the file to the exclusions list.

This tutorial will show you how to add or remove exclusions for Microsoft Defender Antivirus for Windows Security in Windows 10 and Windows 11.

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Compress or Uncompress Files and Folders in Windows 11

The NTFS file system volumes support file compression on an individual file basis. The file compression algorithm used by the NTFS file system is Lempel-Ziv compression. This is a lossless compression algorithm, which means that no data is lost when compressing and decompressing the file, as opposed to lossy compression algorithms such as JPEG, where some data is lost each time data compression and decompression occur.

Data compression reduces the size of a file by minimizing redundant data. In a text file, redundant data can be frequently occurring characters, such as the space character, or common vowels, such as the letters e and a; it can also be frequently occurring character strings. Data compression creates a compressed version of a file by minimizing this redundant data.

While NTFS file system compression can save disk space, compressing data can adversely affect performance. NTFS compression has the following performance characteristics. When you copy or move a compressed NTFS file to a different folder, NTFS decompresses the file, copies or moves the file to the new location, and then recompresses the file. This behavior occurs even when the file is copied or moved between folders on the same computer. Compressed files are also expanded before copying over the network, so NTFS compression does not save network bandwidth.

Files or folders saved into an existing compressed folder will automatically be compressed.

NTFS compressed files and folders will have double blue arrows overlay on their icon at the top right corner to indicate that they are compressed.

This tutorial will show you how to compress or uncompress a file or folder with NTFS Compression in Windows 10 and Windows 11.

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Create Custom Shortcut Comment for Pop-up Description in Windows 11

When you hover over a file, folder, drive, or desktop items in Windows, a¬†pop-up description¬†(infotip) will show displaying basic property details (metadata) of the item such as Date created, Size, Folders and Files a folder contains, etc…

When you hover over a shortcut, the pop-up description will show the shortcut’s target location by default.

If you like, you can specify a custom comment to show as the pop-up description of a shortcut instead.

This tutorial will show you how to create a custom comment pop-up description for a shortcut for your account in Windows 10 and Windows 11.

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Enable or Disable Task Scheduler History in Windows 11

The Task Scheduler service allows you to perform automated tasks on a chosen computer. With this service, you can schedule any program to run at a convenient time for you or when a specific event occurs. The Task Scheduler monitors the time or event criteria that you choose and then executes the task when those criteria are met.

Task Scheduler will show you the “Last Run Time” for tasks, but tasks history is disabled by default.

If needed, you can enable all tasks history to start seeing in Task Scheduler, and log in Event Viewer (eventvwr.msc) at the location below:

  • Event Viewer (Local) > Applications and Services Logs > Microsoft > Windows > TaskScheduler > Operational

This tutorial will show you how to enable or disable all tasks history in Task Scheduler in Windows 10 and Window 11.

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Move or Restore Default Location of OneDrive Folder in Windows 11

With OneDrive in Windows, you can sync files and folders between your computer and the cloud, so you can get to your files from anywhere Рyour computer, your mobile device, and even through the OneDrive website at OneDrive.com. If you add, change, or delete a file or folder in your OneDrive folder, the file or folder is added, changed, or deleted on the OneDrive website and vice versa. You can work with your synced files directly in File Explorer and access your files even when you’re offline. Whenever you’re online, any changes that you or others make will sync automatically.

If you like, you can move the OneDrive folder and its content to a location you want it at instead of the default location in your user profile (%UserProfile%) folder.

This tutorial will show you how to move or restore the default location of the OneDrive folder for your account in Windows 10 and Windows 11.

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Change Lock Screen Timeout to Turn Off Display After in Windows 11

Console lock display off timeout is the amount of minutes Windows will wait idle with no activity while on the lock screen when a user locks the computer before timing out and automatically turning off the display.

The Console lock display off timeout setting is set to 1 minute by default for all power plans.

Any changes made to the Console lock display off timeout setting for a power plan will affect all users on the PC that use the same power plan.

This tutorial will show you how to change the Console lock display off timeout setting in Windows 10 and Windows 11.

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Backup and Restore Device Drivers in Windows 11

If you clean install Windows, you will need to install drivers for each device in the system. Some of these device drivers may no longer be available from the manufacturer, or you misplaced a backup of the driver installation file from the manufacturer.

It would be a good idea to back up your device drivers before doing a clean install to make it easy to restore any of these drivers as needed afterwards.

This tutorial will show you how to back up and restore all 3rd party device drivers on your Windows 10 and Windows 11 PC.

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Uninstall Driver in Windows 11

When a device is connected to your PC, Windows will usually automatically install drivers for it, or you may have to manually install the device’s driver software.

Sometimes it might be necessary to uninstall a driver if it is causing issues, or you no longer need the driver after removing the device it’s for.

This tutorial will show you how to uninstall a driver for a device in Windows 10 and Windows 11.

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Enable or Disable Clear Virtual Memory Paging File at Shutdown in Windows 11

A¬†paging file¬†(aka: “page file” and “virtual memory”) enables the system to remove infrequently accessed modified data from physical memory to let the system use physical memory more efficiently for more frequently accessed data. Windows also uses the page file to store data when physical memory (RAM) is full.

The¬†Shutdown: Clear virtual memory pagefile¬†policy setting determines whether the virtual memory paging file is cleared when the device is¬†shut down¬†or¬†restarted. Virtual memory support uses a system paging file to swap pages of memory to disk when they aren’t used. On a running device, this paging file is opened exclusively by the operating system, and it’s well protected. However, devices that are configured to allow other operating systems to start should verify that the system paging file is cleared as the device shuts down. This confirmation ensures that sensitive information from process memory that might be placed in the paging file isn’t available to an unauthorized user who manages to directly access the paging file after shutdown.

Important information that is kept in real memory might be written periodically to the paging file. This periodical write-operation helps devices handle multitasking functions. A malicious user who has physical access to a server that has been shut down can view the contents of the paging file. The attacker can move the system volume into a different computer and then analyze the contents of the paging file. This process is a time-consuming one, but it can expose data that is cached from RAM to the paging file. A malicious user who has physical access to the server can bypass this countermeasure by unplugging the server from its power source.

Enabling the Shutdown: Clear virtual memory pagefile policy causes the amount of time that is required to complete a shut down or restart depends on the size of the page file. It takes longer to shut down and restart the device, especially on devices with large paging files. Because the process overwrites the storage area that is used by the page file several times, it could be several minutes before the device completely shuts down or restarts.

This tutorial will show you how to enable or disable clear virtual memory paging file at shutdown or restart for all users in Windows 10 and Windows 11.

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Enable or Disable Virtual Memory Paging File Encryption in Windows 11

A¬†paging file¬†(aka: “page file” and “virtual memory”) enables the system to remove infrequently accessed modified data from physical memory to let the system use physical memory more efficiently for more frequently accessed data. Windows also uses the page file to store data when physical memory (RAM) is full.

Encrypting the page file prevents malicious users from reading data that has been paged to disk, but also adds processing overhead for filesystem operations.

This tutorial will show you how to enable or disable virtual memory paging file encryption in Windows 10 and Windows 11.

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Manage Virtual Memory Paging File in Windows 11

A paging file (aka: “page file” and “virtual memory”) enables the system to remove infrequently accessed modified data from physical memory to let the system use physical memory more efficiently for more frequently accessed data.

Windows also uses the page file to store data when physical memory (RAM) is full.

The system automatically manages the size of the paging file (“C:\pagefile.sys”) on the Windows drive by default.

However, there may be times you may need to manually manage the paging file. For example:

  • If the C: drive that Windows is installed on is small in size, you may wish to remove the paging file from that drive, and add a paging file to another drive with more space instead.
  • If you use a lot of memory, then you may wish to add a paging file to another drive to have available if needed.
  • If you don’t use a lot of memory and your paging file is large in size, you may wish to use a smaller custom size.
  • If you are getting a¬†BSOD PAGE_FAULT_IN_NONPAGED_AREA or KERNEL_DATA_INPAGE_ERROR¬†or¬†Low Memory¬†type error when the paging file size is not system managed, you may need to set a larger custom size for the paging file.

This tutorial will show you how to manage the virtual memory paging file for each drive on your Windows 10 and Windows 11 PC.

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Add or Remove Power Button on Start Menu in Windows 11

The Power button on the Start menu allows you to quickly open Sign-in options, Sleep computer, Hibernate computer, Shut down computer, or Restart computer from the Start menu.

If wanted, you can completely remove the Power button from the Start menu.

This tutorial will show you how to add or remove the Power button on the Start menu for all users in Windows 10 and Windows 11.

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