Windows 8

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How to Check What Processor or CPU is in Windows PC

A processor or central processing unit (CPU), is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logic, controlling, and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.

A multi-core processor is a computer processor integrated circuit with two or more separate processing units, called cores (aka: physical cores), which each read and execute program instructions, as if the computer had several processors.

Some CPUs can virtualize two cores for every one physical core that’s available, a technique known as Hyper-Threading (aka: logical processors). For example, if your CPU has 6 physical cores, it will show as having 12 logical processors with Hyper-Threading.

The clock speed of a processor is the number of instructions it can process in any given second, measured in gigahertz (GHz).

See also: Windows Processor Requirements | Microsoft Docs

This tutorial will show you different ways to check what processor or CPU is in your Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10 PC.

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How to Check What Graphics Card or GPU is in Windows PC

A Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) is a single-chip processor primarily used to manage and boost the performance of video and graphics.

A graphics card (also called a display card, video card, display adapter, or graphics adapter) is an expansion card which generates a feed of output images to a display device (such as a computer monitor). Frequently, these are advertised as discrete or dedicated graphics cards, emphasizing the distinction between these and integrated graphics. At the core of both is the graphics processing unit (GPU), which is the main part that does the actual computations, but should not be confused as the video card as a whole, although “GPU” is often used to refer to video cards.

This tutorial will show you different ways to check what graphics card or GPU is in your Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10 PC.

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How to See List of All Available System Restore Points in Windows

System protection (if turned on) is a feature that allows you to perform a system restore that takes your PC back to an earlier point in time, called a system restore point. This can be handy if your PC isn’t working well and you recently installed an app, driver, or update.

Each restore point contains the necessary information needed to restore the system to the chosen state. Restore points are automatically generated when you install a new app, driver, or Windows update, and generated when you create a restore point manually. Restoring won’t affect your personal files in your %UserProfile% folder, but it will remove apps, drivers, and updates installed after the restore point was created.

This tutorial will show you how to see a list of all available system restore points in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Create Soft and Hard Symbolic Links in Windows

A symbolic link is a file-system object (file or directory) that points to another file system object (file or directory). The object being pointed to is called the target.

There are two type of symbolic links: hard and soft.

A soft link is referenced as a symbolic link and works similarly to a standard shortcut. Soft links will have a shortcut arrow icon on them. For example, when you open a soft link to a folder, you will be redirected to the folder where the files are stored.

A hard link makes it appear as though the file or folder actually exists at the location of the symbolic link, and your app won’t know any better. That can make hard symbolic links more useful in most situations. Hard links to a file will not have a shortcut arrow icon on them.

A symbolic link can be helpful if say you wanted to sync a folder for a program. For example, if you have a program that must have its files stored at C:\Program Files and you want them stored at D:\My Location instead. You could move the original directory from C:\Program Files to D:\My Location, and create a symbolic link (soft or hard) at C:\Program Files (link) pointing to D:\My Location (target).

This tutorial will show you how to create soft and hard symbolic links (symlinks) pointing to a file or folder in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Find Motherboard Manufacturer, Model, Serial Number, and Version in Windows

A motherboard is the main printed circuit board (PCB) used to connect all the parts of a computer together. The CPU, memory, hard drives, and other ports and expansion cards all connect to the motherboard directly or via cables.

You need to know the brand (manufacturer) and model (product) of the motherboard to look up its specs for what components it supports.

Also knowing the motherboard version number can be helpful when looking for BIOS firmware updates from the manufacturer’s support site.

A serial number allows the manufacturer to identify a product and get additional information about it, for registration, replacement, or as a means of finding compatible parts.

You can open the computer case and read the brand, model, and serial number directly from the motherboard, but it would be much easier to get this information from within Windows instead.

This tutorial will show you how to find the manufacturer, model, serial number, and version of the motherboard in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Generate a Globally Unique Identifier (GUID) in Windows

GUID (or UUID) is an acronym for ‘Globally Unique Identifier’ (or ‘Universally Unique Identifier’). The term GUID is generally used by developers working with Microsoft technologies, while UUID is used everywhere else.

GUIDs identify objects such as interfaces, manager entry-point vectors (EPVs), and class objects. A GUID is a 128-bit value consisting of one group of 8 hexadecimal digits, followed by three groups of 4 hexadecimal digits each, followed by one group of 12 hexadecimal digits. The following example GUID shows the groupings of hexadecimal digits in a GUID: 6B29FC40-CA47-1067-B31D-00DD010662DA

It’s nearly impossible for the numbers generated for the GUID to have two numbers repeated making them unique.

This tutorial will show you how to quickly generate a new Globally Unique Identifier (GUID) in Windows 7, Windows 8.1, and Windows 10.

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How to Enable or Disable Extensions in Mozilla Firefox

Extensions are a type of add-on for Firefox that allows you to add new features to Firefox or modify existing ones.

Sometimes you may need or want to temporarily completely disable (turn off) an added extension in Firefox without removing it until you enable it again.

This tutorial will show you how to enable and disable extensions in Firefox for your account in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Enable and Use Free Built-in VPN in Opera browser

Opera is the first and still only major browser that integrates a free, unlimited VPN service, allowing you to focus on the content that matters without fear of losing privacy.

Normally, your browser connects directly to websites, allowing websites to identify your IP address and its approximate location. With VPN, you connect to websites via a VPN server. As a result, your apparent location changes to the location of the server.

With Opera’s VPN turned on, your IP address will be replaced with a virtual one, making it harder for websites to track your location and identify your computer. Many tracking cookies will also be blocked.

From the point-of-view of websites, your browser is now located in the region given by the virtual location. To change your virtual location, select a region from the list. If you do not choose a region, you are automatically assigned an “optimal location”. To turn off VPN, flip the switch in the badge.

Because the connection from your browser to the VPN server is encrypted, even if the local network is not, VPN enhances your privacy on the local network. You can hide your browsing activities from other users of that network.

This tutorial will show you how to enable or disable and use the free built-in VPN service in Opera browser for your account in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Enable or Disable Extensions in Incognito Mode in Google Chrome

You can customize Google Chrome and add features and functionality by adding extensions from the Chrome Web Store.

If you don’t want Google Chrome to remember your activity, you can browse the web privately in Incognito mode.

Allow in incognito is turned off (disabled) by default for extensions.

This tutorial will show you how to enable and disable allow in incognito mode for extensions in Google Chrome for your account in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Enable or Disable a Sound Output Device in Windows

The default audio playback device is the device that Windows uses to output (play) sound.

This can be speakers, headphones, Bluetooth headset, or other audio devices connected or built-in to your computer.

This tutorial will show you different ways on how to enable or disable a sound output device (ex: speakers) on your Windows 7, Windows 8, or Windows 10 PC.

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How to Extract Icon from File in Windows

You can use the free IconViewer utility program to view and save the icons contained within files, such as executable files and dynamic link libraries (DLLs).

When IconViewer is installed, it will add an Icons tab to the properties page of any file that contain icons.

While you must be signed in as an administrator to install IconViewer, all users will be able to use the Icons tab in the properties page of files that contain icons.

This tutorial will show you how to extract icons from files to save as a ICO, BMP, or PNG file in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Disable Integrated Camera or Webcam in Windows

In Windows 10, having a camera as part of your device or system lets you make Skype video calls, take pictures, etc. Many apps and services request and use the camera, and Windows settings give you control over which apps can use your camera.

Some people worry about unknown apps, organizations, or malware using their camera. Whenever your camera is used, you should be in charge. That’s why you’re always told when your camera is turned on:

  • If your device or camera comes with a camera light, the light will turn on when the camera is in use.
  • If your system doesn’t have a camera light, you’ll get a notification to let you know when the camera turns on or off.

For more information, see: Windows 10 camera and privacy

If you have a laptop or notebook with a integrated (built-in) camera (aka: webcam), you may be wondering how to disable it for privacy and security reasons when it’s not being used.

Disabling the camera can be important since there is a potential for malware to take over the camera and spy on you with it.

This tutorial will show you how to completely disable an integrated camera or webcam as needed in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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List of Device Manager Error Codes and Solutions in Windows

Device Manager displays information about each device. This includes the device type, device status, manufacturer, device-specific properties, and information about the driver for the device.

Device manager can show hidden devices. This is helpful when you are testing the installation of a new PnP device.

Device Manager provides detailed information in the Properties dialog for each device. Right click on the name of the device, and then click/tap on Properties. The General, Driver, Details, and Events tabs contain information that can be useful when you debug errors.

This tutorial will show you a list of error codes in Device Manager and their suggested resolutions in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Backup and Restore Font Settings in Windows

A font is a graphical representation of text that may include a different typeface, point size, weight, color, or design.

If you like, you can backup your font settings to be able to restore them as needed.

Font settings include:

  • All hidden fonts settings
  • Hide fonts based on language settings
  • Allow fonts to be installed using a shortcut

This tutorial will show you how to backup and restore font settings for your account in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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