Windows 8

How to Export List of Running and Stopped Services in Windows

A service is an application type that runs in the system background without a user interface and is similar to a UNIX daemon process. Services provide core operating system features, such as Web serving, event logging, file serving, printing, cryptography, and error reporting.

This tutorial will show you how to export a list of running and stopped services to a file in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Install PowerShell Core on Windows

Over the years, there have been many releases of PowerShell. Initially, Windows PowerShell was built on the .NET Framework and only worked on Windows systems.

With the current release, PowerShell Core uses .NET Core 2.x as its runtime. PowerShell Core is a cross-platform (Windows, Linux, and macOS) automation and configuration tool/framework that works well with your existing tools and is optimized for dealing with structured data (e.g. JSON, CSV, XML, etc.), REST APIs, and object models. It includes a command-line shell, an associated scripting language and a framework for processing cmdlets. PowerShell Core is an Open Source project on GitHub.

PowerShell Core is a separate version of PowerShell that does not replace or upgrade the Windows PowerShell included in Windows by default. PowerShell Core can run side-by-side with Windows PowerShell.

This tutorial will show you how to install the latest release of PowerShell Core in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Check PowerShell Version in Windows

Windows PowerShell is a task-based command-line shell and scripting language designed especially for system administration. Built on the .NET Framework, Windows PowerShell helps IT professionals and power users control and automate the administration of the Windows operating system and applications that run on Windows.

This tutorial will show you how to check the current version of PowerShell in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Listen to Microphone through a Playback Device in Windows

If you like, you can listen to your microphone through a selected playback device such as your computer speakers or headphone.

You can also listen to portable music player or other device connected to the microphone jack through a selected playback device such as your computer speakers or headphone.

This tutorial will show you how to listen to microphone through a playback device such as speakers or headphone in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Add or Remove Back Button in Common Dialog Box in Windows

The common open file dialog box is the window that opens when you click/tap on File (menu bar) in a program (ex: Registry Editor), and click/tap on Open, Save as, Import, or Export.

The older Windows XP style common open file dialog box has a Back button to the right of the address bar that can be used to go to the last folder visited.

This tutorial will show you how to add or remove the Back button in the common open file dialog box for all or specific users in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Change Places Bar Items in Common Dialog Box in Windows

The common open file dialog box is the window that opens when you click/tap on File (menu bar) in a program (ex: Registry Editor), and click/tap on Open, Save as, Import, or Export.

The older Windows XP style common open file dialog box has a places bar (aka: shortcut bar) in the left pane to select a location you want.

If you like, you can specify from 1 to 5 items to be displayed in the Places Bar instead of the default items.

This tutorial will show you how to change the items displayed in the places bar in the common open file dialog box for all or specific users in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Enable or Disable Places Bar in Common Dialog Box in Windows

The common open file dialog box is the window that opens when you click/tap on File (menu bar) in a program (ex: Registry Editor), and click/tap on Open, Save as, Import, or Export.

The older Windows XP style common open file dialog box has a places bar (aka: shortcut bar) in the left pane to select a location you want.

This tutorial will show you how to enable or disable the places bar in the common open file dialog box for all or specific users in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Enable or Disable Dropdown List of Recent Files in Common Dialog Box in Windows

The common open file dialog box is the window that opens when you click/tap on File (menu bar) in a program (ex: Notepad, Registry Editor, etc…), and click/tap on Open, Save as, Import, or Export.

By default, the File name field in the dialog box includes a drop-down list of your recently used files to select from if wanted.

This tutorial will show you how to enable or disable the drop-down list of recently used files in the common open file dialog box for all or specific users in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Change Icon Cache Size in Windows

The icons that display for files in Windows are saved in an icon cache so they can be displayed quickly instead of having to manually scan and slowly load them each time.

Sometimes you may notice File Explorer loads icons slowly when you open a folder with lots of files. Increasing the size of the icon cache may help.

By default, the icon cache is 500 KB. Increasing the icon cache size to 4 MB gives the best results, but you can change the size to what works best for you.

This tutorial will show you how to change the maximum size of the icon cache to fix slow loading icons in File Explorer for all users in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Enable or Disable Launch Folder Windows in a Separate Process in Windows

Each process running in Windows is assigned a unique decimal number called the process ID (PID) to identify an active process. This number is used to specify the process when for example attaching a debugger to it.

By default, all File Explorer windows, including the desktop shell, run in a single explorer.exe process. If one File Explorer window hangs or crashes, it will cause all File Explorer windows running in the same process to hang or crash until the process restarts.

You are able to use the Open in new process context menu to manually open folder windows (File Explorer) in a new process.

If you like, you can enable to launch folder windows in a separate process by default. This way each explorer.exe process will have its own process ID (PID) to improve stability of the explorer shell.

This tutorial will show you how to enable or disable to launch folder windows in a separate explorer process by default for your account in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Export and Import Registry Keys in Windows

System configuration information is stored centrally in a hierarchical database called the registry. You can use Registry Editor to add and edit registry keys and values, restore the registry from a backup or to default values, and to import or export keys for reference or backup.

This tutorial will show you how to import and export registry keys using a .reg file for Registry Editor in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Disable Ad Snippets on New Tab Page in Firefox

Mozilla uses Snippets to display tips, suggestions, updates, and messages about Firefox.

Some people have reported advertising displaying at the bottom of the New Tab page in the desktop version of Firefox.

The advertisement is powered by the Snippet Service of Firefox, and is intended to assemble and deliver content snippets to the about:home page in Firefox.

Mozilla provided the following statement:

“This snippet was an experiment to provide more value to Firefox users through offers provided by a partner. It was not a paid placement or advertisement. We are continually looking for more ways to say thanks for using Firefox. In a similar vein, earlier this month we offered Firefox users a free opportunity to enjoy a live concert from Phosphorescent.

In addition to adding value to Firefox users these efforts are intended to support an open ecosystem. When users see such offers no data is being shared with a partner until users have made the choice to enter a relationship. We hope that this strategy sets a positive example.”

If you are seeing ads on the bottom of the New Tab page in Firefox and don’t want to see them, then you can disable Snippets in Firefox to disable them.

This tutorial will show you how to enable or disable Snippets for ads on the bottom of the New Tab page in Firefox for your account in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Change Theme in Google Chrome

You can personalize Google Chrome on your computer with any custom theme you want. The theme appears around the border of the browser and as the background when you open a new tab. Your Chrome themes are stored in your Google Account, so when you sign in to Chrome on any computer, you see the same theme.

This tutorial will show you how to change the theme in Google Chrome for your account in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Enable or Disable Microsoft Store Apps Open Files in Default Desktop App in Windows 10

If you like, you can configure a group policy setting that lets you control whether Microsoft Store apps can open files using the default desktop app for a file type. Because desktop apps run at a higher integrity level than Microsoft Store apps, there is a risk that a Microsoft Store app might compromise the system by opening a file in the default desktop app for a file type.

If you enable this policy setting, Microsoft Store apps cannot open files in the default desktop app for a file type; they can open files only in other Microsoft Store apps.

If you disable or do not configure this policy setting, Microsoft Store apps can open files in the default desktop app for a file type.

This tutorial will show you how to enable or disable Microsoft Store apps from being able to open files in the default desktop app for a file type for all users in Windows 8 and Windows 10.

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How to Open and Use Character Map in Windows

You can use Character Map to view the characters that are available for a selected font. Character Map displays the following character sets:

  • Windows
  • DOS
  • Unicode

You can copy individual characters or a group of characters to the clipboard, and then paste them into any compatible program. Or, depending on the program you are using (such as WordPad), you can even copy characters by dragging them from Character Map directly into an open document.

You can use Character Map to search for characters by viewing the Unicode character maps that are associated with each font. Select the character in the font you select to display the Unicode identifier. If you know the Unicode equivalent of the character that you want to insert, you can also insert a special character directly into a document without using Character Map.

This tutorial will show you how to open and use Character Map to copy individual characters or a group of characters to the clipboard in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to View All Power Plan Settings in a Text File in Windows

A power plan is a collection of hardware and system settings that manages how your computer uses power. Power plans can help you save energy, maximize system performance, or achieve a balance between the two.

Normally, you could view all current settings of a power plan in Power Options. If you like, you could also output these settings to a text file. This can make it easier to share or show the power plan settings.

If you like, you can choose to include all hidden settings of a power plan, but these settings are hidden by default in Power Options since they usually do not apply to your computer.

This tutorial will show you how to output all current settings of a specified power plan to a text file to review in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Enable or Disable Presentation Settings in Windows

When giving a presentation, you may want to turn on presentation mode.

While presentation mode is turned on, your computer stays awake, system notifications are turned off, and your presentation settings for screen saver, volume, and desktop background are applied.

This tutorial will show you how to enable or disable presentation settings for all users in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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Allow or Deny Write Access to Fixed Data Drives not Protected by BitLocker in Windows

You can use BitLocker Drive Encryption to help protect your files on an entire drive. BitLocker can help block hackers from accessing the system files they rely on to discover your password, or from accessing your drive by physically removing it from your PC and installing it in a different one. You can still sign in to Windows and use your files as you normally would.

If you like, you can set a policy that configures whether BitLocker protection is required for a computer to be able to write data to fixed data drives. All fixed data drives that are not BitLocker-protected will be mounted as read-only. If the drive is protected by BitLocker, it will be mounted with read and write access.

This tutorial will show you how to allow or deny write access to fixed data drives not protected by BitLocker for all users in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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How to Add Secure Delete to Recycle Bin Context Menu in Windows 10

The Recycle Bin provides a safety net when deleting files or folders. When you delete any of these items from your hard disk, Windows places it in the Recycle Bin and the Recycle Bin icon changes from empty to full.

If you have multiple hard drives, partitions, or an external hard drive connected to your PC, each location will have its own $Recycle.Bin and Recycle Bin settings. Removable drives, such as USB flash drives and memory cards, will not have a Recycle Bin. Files deleted from removable drives are permanently deleted.

When you delete a file or folder in Windows, the item(s) get placed in the Recycle Bin by default until you empty the Recycle Bin to permanently delete them if you didn’t want to restore them.

However, permanently deleting a file or folder doesn’t secure delete them.

Secure Delete will delete and overwrite a file or folder to securely erase any data that exists in the unallocated portions of a disk for the deleted file or folder so it gone forever and cannot be recovered.

If you like, you can add Secure Delete to the Recycle Bin context menu that will secure erase all items (files and folders) in the Recycle Bin deleted from the “C:” drive for the current user.

The Secure Delete context menu will perform 3 passes to securely erase only the items in the Recycle Bin deleted from the “C:” drive for the current user. If you would prefer to have more passes, then please post a reply in this tutorial requesting it, and I’ll post an updated .reg file for it. If you would like to have the Recycle Bin of other drive letters included, then please post a reply in this tutorial requesting it, and I’ll post an updated .reg file for it.

This tutorial will show you how to add Secure Delete to the Recycle Bin context menu for all users in Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10.

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