Posts Tagged SBS

Powershell: The term ‘Get-ADUser’ is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet (SBS 2008)

We have immense power over our servers with Powershell.

There is so much we can do, or in the case of SBS 2008 (Powershell 2), a lot we wish we could do. I am trying to get a lot of info our of an AD in preparation of moving to a new domain controller. None of my AD scripts work. e.g.

  • Get-ADComputer
  • Get-ADUser

I am constantly getting “The term ‘blah’ is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet”.


After lot’s of reading and playing about, I got what I needed. I was able to install Active Directory Web Service on the machine and then use RSAT on a secondary computer.

So what do you do ?

Let’s start with Server 2008 R2 

You need to have installed

  • Active Directory Domain Services
  • Active Directory Module For Windows PowerShell
  • Active Directory Web Services

Run this at the Powershell commandline

>Import-Module ServerManager
>Add-WindowsFeature RSAT-AD-PowerShell
>import-module activedirectory

You should now be ready to go

Server 2008 or 2003

You need to install this hotfix. The links for this are hard to get working as Microsoft released this patch to only those that actually need it. It has not had very wide testing and has not been checked for what else it could break.

Install the Active Directory Management Gateway Service (Active Directory Web Service for Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008)

Install RSAT on another PC (Windows 7, Windows 10 will be fine)

In powershell

>import-module activedirectory

You should now be ready to go

SBS 2008

Trying to install Active Directory Web Service for Windows Server hotfix as per the above outline, fails. You can try the 32 bit or 64 bit version and it will tell you it is not compatible.

You need to have the file NDP35SP1-KB969166-x86.exe, install it and reboot.

(KB 969166)

It will not install. What can you do? If you really need to get this hotfix installed (Warning, it is not fully tested) then here is a work around.

md c:\temp\AD_Management_Web
expand -F:* “Windows6.0-KB968934-x64.msu” c:\temp\AD_Management_Web
cd c:\windows\system32
start pkgmgr.exe /ip /m:c:\temp\AD_Management_Web\


Install RSAT on another PC (Windows 7, Windows 10 will be fine)

In powershell

>import-module activedirectory

You should now be ready to go

Useful links

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More on SBS and Essentials from the man that knows

Kevin Beares is a man to listen too. I have met Kevin in Redmond. I have had many debates and long discussions with him. If I worked for Microsoft, he is someone I would hope to call boss, mentor, partner and friend.

Kevin is one of the team at Microsoft I had in mind when I wrote the following post

For a while now we have heard the voice that is proclaiming SBS is dead. We have listened to the press releases and what Microsoft wants us to hear. That is all the marketing propaganda and behind it are some very real reasons why SBS will be leaving us.

Are you curious? what reasons could there possibly be and where are we headed ? Check out these clarifications from Harry Brelsford’s post at SMBnation, speaking with Kevin Beares.

We are addressing the concerns and answering the top questions,” Beares shared. “Windows Server 2012 Essentials is based on years of feedback from our MVPs, our partners, and our user groups. While it is true we removed the integrated installation of Microsoft Exchange Server, it doesn’t mean we removed the integration for an on-premises email solution. With Essentials 2012, we actually made it possible to have three different mail options: on-premises Exchange Server, Hosted Exchange, or Office 365. It is the next version of SBS 2011 Essentials, and it includes many new capabilities and enhancements over the previous release.

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What species is Microsoft Small Business Essentials 2012?

(Now called Windows Server 2012 Essentials)

Firstly to set the baseline. I love SBS server. I live and breathe SBS server. I want all my clients to use something like SBS server. Up until now I have not had a need to look at Microsoft Small Business Essentials server. I knew it grew out of a basic server with Home Server like features but not much more. What is Microsoft Small Business Essentials server? What specieis is it?

Now I face a world without SBS server. I need to look at alternatives and there is no product better than Server 2012 Essentials to start my journey.

I want to be able to provide a world with Wsus, desktop faxing, Exchange, Sharepoint, Remote access and more.  I want to see if I can do all this with Server 2012 Essentials, even if it is over two servers. I know Exchange can’t be on the Domain controller and neither can Sharepoint foundation server.  I hope Wsus will work but I am not sure at this point.

I normally use Trend Micro Worryfree and Symantec System Recovery. I rely heavily on the SBS monitoring reports and a large collection of my own VBS scripts. I am uncertain if any of this will work.

I plan to make my blog a diary for my exploration of Essentials. So, if you are interested, take a look at Day1 with Essentials.

Others are also on a journey. One watch is Wayne Small.

And many more blog links on the SBSfaq site

Here starts my voyage of discovery. I will figure out the genus, species or flavour of Microsoft 2012 Essential server.

Take a look at Day1 of my Essentials diary. Also look up “What does Essentials 2012 do ?”

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Valid alternatives for Microsoft SBS style services

Where has Groupwise, Domino/lotus Notes and the linux Small Business Server project gone? What is Apple doing these days? Are any of these valid options? Is now the time to jump?

Be wary of the costs. It might end up being the same or more in cost to buying a full Exchange server and a Small Business Essentials Sever. These alternatives might also be about to release cloud versions and remove on premisis options.  Research here is key.

Here are some places to start looking

Zimbra Collaboration Server is an enterprise-class open source email, calendar and collaboration server. With the most innovative web application available today, Zimbra boosts the productivity of users on any desktop and dramatically reduces TCO compared to legacy platform vendors.

Linux Small Business Server

Zentyal can act as a Gateway, Infrastructure Manager, Unified Threat Manager, Office Server, Unified Communication Server or a combination of them. One single, easy-to-use platform to manage all your network services. (Susan Bradley is looking at this)

What is ClearOS?

ClearOS is a cloud-connected Server, Network, and Gateway operating system for small and distributed organizations. You can think of it as next generation small business server with a Marketplace full of easy to install apps.

The number one MS Exchange replacement

Cross platform email, calendars and contacts for the mobile workforce…/evolution.html

Novell Evolution is the most widely used Linux collaboration software in the world

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What exactly does Windows Server 2012 Essentials do?

We have all been reading that SBS server users will need to move to Server 2012 or Server 2012 essentials. What does this mean and what is different ?

Is Windows Server 2012 Essentials actually SBS in new clothing ? No!

Windows Server 2012 Essentials is a version of server for the SMB space that places most of the big features of SBS (Sharepoint and Exchange) in the cloud.

Here is what is in Windows Server 2012 Essentials-

  • Windows Server 2012 Operating System
  • Integrates with Cloud based applications including Email and Online Backup
  • Caters for up to 25 users and 50 devices without the need to purchase additional CALs beyond the base server cost
  • Allows in place conversion to Window Server 2012 Standard
  • Automated backup and restore capabilities of the server
  • Data Protection – Storage Spaces allows you to create a space to store your data using hard drives that are not all identical – giving you more flexibility (Like home Server did)
  • Data Protection – Client PC backup – a feature carried over from SBS 2011 Essentials and previous products, this allows you to backup and restore client computers even if the entire hard drive of that computer dies. (Like home Server did)
  • Data Protection – Support for volumes greater than 2 TB in size
  • Data Protection – Online Backup, which can be used to protect your key files and folders on your server by backing up to the cloud.
  • Anywhere Access – Remote Web Access (previously called Remote Web Workplace)
  • VPN connectivity can be used to allow for remote clients to join the domain
  • Health Monitoring – Including the server, Windows 7, Windows 8 and Mac OSX 10.5 and higher clients.
  • Capability to link in directly with your on-premise Exchange server (purchased separately), Office 365, or third party hosted Exchange providers.

So as you can see, this is not SBS. It has many SBS and Windows home Server features.  You can make this SBS like by putting in a  second server running Exchange.

Take a look at the FAQ here

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Please fill out this survey!: SMB Community Questionnaire

If you work in the SMB space, sell, install, maintain, support or work with Microsoft Small Business Server, please take the time to fill in this survey.

 Please blog about it, put it on Facebook, send it to your contacts and group members.

 It is a sad time to be saying goodbye to Microsoft Small Business server however, let’s give it the best “send off” of any Microsoft product.

Let’s give it the respect it deserves and the thanks for what it has done for us and our clients.

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