I had a client return a laptop with failing services 

The Windows update and search service will not start. This was a HP laptop and recently had an upgrade from a Seagate 640 Gb 2.5″ sata drive to a 750 Gb WD 2.5″ sata drive.
It turns out that even though I found no evidence of the “Intel rapid storage technology” drivers or software installed, the solution was to update this.

I downloaded and installed “Intel rapid storage technology” from the following site http://h10025.www1.hp.com/ewfrf/wc/document?docname=c02219204&cc=nl&lc=en&dlc=en&product
WD drives between 750 Gb to 1 Tb on this laptop will fail with the default Intel driver. As the Device manager does not list this device as installed, I downloaded and tried this regardless and it worked.

This was after I had completed hours of research and tried many other things. I am posting this in the hope it saves someone else time.
I attempted to delete the search indexes and the Update catalogues. I changed folder permissions and registry keys. I reinstalled Search. Nothing made a difference.

 I referred to

Some of the errors in the logs were

 

Log Name: Application
Source: Microsoft-Windows-CAPI2
Date: 13/02/2013 11:45:19 AM
Event ID: 257
Task Category: None
Level: Error
Keywords: Classic
User: N/A
Computer: PC
Description:

The Cryptographic Services service failed to initialize the Catalog Database. The ESENT error was: -583.

 

Log Name: Application
Source: Microsoft-Windows-Search
Date: 13/02/2013 1:48:28 PM
Event ID: 1006
Task Category: Search service
Level: Error
Keywords: Classic

User: N/A

Computer: PC

Description:

The Windows Search Service has failed to create the new search index. Internal error <4, 0x8004117f, Failed to add project: C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Search\Data\Applications\Windows\Projects>.

 

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