PowerShell: Sending password expiration notices via GMail – Part 3

In Part 1 of this series, I showed you how to identify users whose password was about to expire. Then in Part 2 of the series, I took that list of users and sent email to them using gmail-hosted company email. This third part of the series pulls all that together into a single script, complete with comment-based help. As always, this and all my scripts are copyrighted, but you're welcome to use them as the basis for your own scripts. However, I do appreciate attribution. Thanks, and enjoy.

Sends a "Password Expiring" warning email through TreyResearch's gmail. 
Send-TreyPasswordExpiryNotice first creates a list of accounts whose password will expire in the 
near future (default is 1 week). It then emails the users to warn them that their password will expire soon. 

This initial version runs interactively only. 
Sends a warning notice to all TreyResearch users whose password will expire in the next 7 days or less.
Send-TreyPasswordExpiryNotice -Logging
Sends a warning notice to all TreyResearch users whose password will expire in the next 7 days or less, and 
creates a log file that is echoed to the console at the end. 
Send-TreyPasswordExpiryNotice -DaysWarning 14
Sends a warning notice to all TreyResearch users whose password will expire in the next 14 days or less.
Send-TreyPasswordExpiryNotice -DaysWarning 5 -Logging -Testing -Verbose
Does NOT send a warning notice to TreyResearch users, but rather processes the first user and sends a notice
to the admin user(s) and writes to the log file. The -Verbose switch will make it additionally chatty.
.Parameter DaysWarning
The number of days advanced warning to give users whose passwords are close to expiration. 
The default is 7 days or less. 
.Parameter Logging
Switch to enable logging. Logs are written to C:\Temp\emaillogs.csv. When this switch is true, 
Send-TreyPasswordExpiryNotice outputs a table with a list of accounts due to expire as well as 
writing to a log file. 
.Parameter Testing
Switch to enable testing. When enabled, email is sent to a list of Admin users and only a single account is processed. 
    Author: Charlie Russel
  ThanksTo: Robert Pearman (WSSMB MVP),Jeffrey Hicks (PS MVP)
 Copyright: 2016 by Charlie Russel
          : Permission to use is granted but attribution is appreciated
   Initial: 06 Sept, 2016 (cpr)
          : 09 Dec,  2016 (cpr) -(Ver 1.5) -- Reworked: Only process users who need reminding. Formatting changes
     $DaysWarning = 7, 

#Set parameters for gmail.
$smtpServer  ="smtp.gmail.com"
$SMTPPort    = 587
$from        = "IT Notification <it-notification@TreyResearch.net>"
$AdminUser1  = "Charlie.Russel@TreyResearch.net"
$AdminUser2  = "admin.user2@TreyResearch.net"
$AdminUser3  = "admin.user3@TreyResearch.net"
$externalUser= "external.account@example.com"

# Cast this to a list of strings to allow for multiple test recipients
[string[]]$testRecipient = $AdminUser1,$AdminUser2,$AdminUser3

 This uses a stored password sitting on a local hard drive. This is a reasonably
 secure way to work with passwords in a file, and is ONLY accessible by the user that created 
 it. Create the password with: 
   PSH> Read-Host -AsSecureString | ConvertFrom-SecureString | Out-File $home\Documents\TreyPW.txt

 See blog post at: http://blogs.msmvps.com/russel/2016/10/04/powershell-get-credential-from-a-file for
 full details. 

 Alternately, simply prompt for the credentials here with Get-Credential.


$TreyUsr = "charlie.russel@TreyResearch.net"
$TreyPW = Get-Content $Home\Documents\TreyPW.txt | ConvertTo-SecureString
$Cred = New-Object System.Management.Automation.PSCredential -ArgumentList $TreyUsr, $TreyPW

# Check Logging Settings 
if ($Logging) { 
   $logFile = "C:\Temp\emaillogs.csv"
   if (! (Test-Path "C:\Temp") ) {
      Write-Verbose "No C:\Temp directory, so creating one..."
      New-Item -Path "C:\" -Name Temp -ItemType Directory

    # Remove Logfile if it already exists
    If ( (Test-Path $logFile)) { 
      Remove-Item $logFile 
    # Create CSV File and Headers 
    New-Item -Path $logfile -ItemType File 
    Add-Content $logfile "Date,Name,EmailAddress,DaysLeft,ExpiresOn,Notified" 

# System Settings 
$textEncoding = [System.Text.Encoding]::UTF8 
$date = Get-Date -format "MM/dd/yyyy"

# Explicitly import the Active Directory module, but get rid of the noise if it's already loaded. 
Import-Module ActiveDirectory 4>$NULL

# Use the following to query the domain for who the PDC Emulator role holder is. 
$TreyDC = (Get-ADDomain -Identity "TreyResearch.net" -Credential $Cred).PDCEmulator

# Send a cc: to myself or a list of users
$AdminUser = "charlie.russel@TreyResearch.net"
$cclist = @($AdminUser)

# Do calculations outside the ForEach loop whenever possible
$maxPasswordAge = (Get-ADDefaultDomainPasswordPolicy -Server $TreyDC -Credential $Cred).MaxPasswordAge
$today = (get-date) 

# Notice this doesn't get Expired or NeverExpires users. Don't want to send them emails.  
$TreyUsers = Get-ADUser -filter * `
                    -properties Name,PasswordNeverExpires,PasswordExpired,PasswordLastSet,EmailAddress `
                    -Server $TreyDC `
                    -Credential $Cred `
         | where { $_.Enabled -eq $True `
             -AND  $_.PasswordNeverExpires -eq $False `
             -AND  $_.passwordexpired -eq $False `
             -AND  $_.EMailAddress `
             -AND  (($today - $_.PasswordLastSet).Days -ge ($MaxPasswordAge.Days - $DaysWarning))
<# Get notification credentials. Prompt with Get-Credential if not using stored creds. 
$gCred = Get-Credential -UserName "it-notification@TreyResearch.net" `
                        -Message  "Enter Password for IT-Notification account"
$gUsr = "it-notification@TreyResearch.net"
$gPW = Get-Content "$Home\Documents\itnotificationsPW.txt" | ConvertTo-SecureString
$gCred = New-Object System.Management.Automation.PSCredential -ArgumentList $gUsr, $gPW

# Now, we start to do the work. 
foreach ($user in $TreyUsers) { 
    Write-Verbose "Processing user $user"
    $Name = $user.Name 
    $Email = $user.emailaddress 
    $SAM = $user.SAMAccountName
    $sent = " " 
    $passwordSetDate = $user.PasswordLastSet 
    Write-Verbose "$SAM last set their password on $PasswordSetDate"

    $expiresOn = $passwordSetDate + $maxPasswordAge 
    $DaysLeft = (New-TimeSpan -Start $today -End $Expireson).Days 
    if (($DaysLeft) -gt "1") { 
        $MessageDays = "in " + "$DaysLeft" + " days." 
    } else { 
        $MessageDays = "today!" 
    # Email Subject Set Here 
    $subject="Your password will expire $messageDays" 
    Write-Verbose "$Name`'s password will expire $messageDays"
    # Email Body Set Here, Note You can use HTML, including Images. 
    # This uses PowerShell's here-string. 
$body =@" 
Dear $name, 
<p>Your TreyReseach.net Active Directory Domain credentials <b>will expire $messagedays</b> 
Please update your credentials as soon as possible! <br> </p>
<p>If you are using a Windows domain joined system and are connected to the intranet, 
press ctrl-alt-delete and select change password. Alternatively, if you are outside of the 
network, connect to the corporate VPN and reset your password with the same process.<br> </p>
<p>If you are not using a Windows based system, ensure you are on the intranet or connected to 
the corporate VPN.  Proceed to https://password.TreyResearch.net <https://password.TreyResearch.net> 
and reset your password.<br> </p>
<p>This process will also sync your newly created AD password to your Gmail password. Please 
allow up to 5 minutes for replication of the passwords to occur.<br><br> </p>
<p><br><b>Problems</b>? <br>Please open a Service Desk request by clicking on the 
Help Agent icon on your system. If you are NOT running a Help Agent, please contact a member
of the IT Team for instructions on how to install the agent. It is a strict TreyResearch 
company policy that all company-owned systems run the Help Agent. <br></p>
<p>Thanks, <br>  
IT Team

    # If Testing Is Enabled - Email Administrator 
    if ($testing) { 
        $email = $testRecipient 
        $Subject = "PasswordExpiration Test Message"
        $cclist = $AdminUser2,$externalUser

   # Send Email Message 
    Write-Verbose "$SAM's password is due to expire in $DaysLeft which is less than the "
    Write-Verbose "DaysWarning Parameter setting of $DaysWarning days."

    # I've left this as a straight output to the host. If you want it quieter, make it a Write-Verbose
    "Sending Email Message to $email using $gUsr account"
    Send-Mailmessage -smtpServer $smtpServer `
                     -from $from `
                     -to $email `
                     -cc $cclist `
                     -subject $subject `
                     -body $body `
                     -bodyasHTML `
                     -priority High `
                     -Encoding $textEncoding `
                     -UseSSL `
                     -port $SMTPPort `
                     -Credential $gCred 
    $sent = "Yes"  # Used for logging
    if ($Logging) {
        Add-Content $logfile "$date,$Name,$email,$DaysLeft,$expiresOn,$Sent"  
   if ($Testing) {
       "Sleeping 5, then breaking so we only process a single record"
       Sleep 5

If ($Logging) { 
   # Use the logging file to display a table of the accounts about to expire. 
   $expiringAccts = Import-Csv -Path $logfile
   $expiringAccts | Sort-Object -Property ExpiresOn `
                  | Format-Table -AutoSize `
                           width=7}, `
                    @{Expression={(Get-Date -Date $_.ExpiresOn -Format 'MMMM dd')};`
                           Label="Expires On:"}

ETA: Minor bug fix (-Identity instead of -Identify. Sheesh!)

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